Foundation, Concrete and Earthquake Engineering

Most Deadly Earthquake of India

In Indian hytory of earthquake Mw 7.6 Bhuj earthquake of Gujarat Province is one of the two most deadly earthquakes. This quake struck on the Republic Day morning, January 26, 2001. This quake killed 19,727 and injured 166,000 persons. 348,000 houses were destroyed and an additional 844,000 were damaged resulting overall losses of properties of $1.3 billion. At least 18 people killed and some injured in southern Pakistan.

The earthquake was felt throughout northwest India and much of Pakistan. Also felt in western Nepal and Bangladesh.Most destruction was occurred in the Bhuj-Ahmadabad-Rajkot area and other parts of Gujarat. Many bridges and roads damaged in Gujarat.

Subduction Zones-Purple, Ridges-Red and Transform Faults Green
Map of India
Map of India
The earthquake occurred along an approximately east-west trending thrust fault at shallow depth. The stress that caused this earthquake is due to the Indian plate pushing northward into the Eurasian plate. A small event is followed by a larger one about 2 seconds later.

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