Foundation, Concrete and Earthquake Engineering

An Introduction to Tuned Mass Dampers

Various methods are discovered and some are used to control vibrations produced by earthquake or wind. These are modifying rigidities, masses, damping, or shape, and by providing passive or active counter forces. The selection of a particular type of vibration control device is governed by a number of factors which include efficiency, compactness and weight, capital cost, operating cost, maintenance requirements and safety. In this post I shall provide a preliminary idea about a damper that is successfully used and performed well against some quake in Taipei 101. This is Tuned mass damper.

Tuned mass dampers (TMD) have been widely used for vibration control in mechanical engineering systems. In recent years, TMD theory has been adopted to reduce vibrations of tall buildings and other civil engineering structures. Dynamic absorbers and tuned mass dampers are the realizations of tuned absorbers and tuned dampers for structural vibration control applications.
Tuned Mass Damper: The mass is attached to the building via a spring-dashpot system
Tuned Mass Damper: The mass is attached to the building via a spring-dashpot system
The inertial, resilient, and dissipative elements in such devices are: mass, spring and dashpot (or material damping) for linear applications and their rotary counterparts in rotational applications. Depending on the application, these devices are sized from a few ounces (grams) to many tons. Other configurations such as pendulum absorbers/dampers, and sloshing liquid absorbers/dampers have also been realized for vibration mitigation applications. 

TMD is attached to a structure in order to reduce the dynamic response of the structure. The frequency of the damper is tuned to a particular structural frequency so that when that frequency is excited, the damper will resonate out of phase with the structural motion. The mass is usually attached to the building via a spring-dashpot system and energy is dissipated by the dashpot as relative motion develops between the mass and the structure.

1 comment:

  1. Another benefit of chimney dampers comes into play when starting a fire in your fireplace. A fire needs oxygen to breathe and ignite. By opening the damper, it gets this air so it can start strong. By leaving it open at the start of your fire, it will build bigger so that when you close the damper more, it will stay blazing for a longer time.